Remarks by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to apologize to LGBTQ2 Canadians

I denne study guide kan du få hjælp til at analysere Justin Trudeaus tale "Remarks by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to apologise to LGBTQ2 Canadians", som har været brugt til en skriftlig eksamen i Engelsk A på STX fra den 22. maj 2019. Udover analysehjælpen kan du finde et summary af teksten samt idéer til diskussion og perspektivering. 


Write an analytical essay (900-1200 words) in which you analyse Justin Trudeau’s speech “Remarks by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to apologize to LGBTQ2 Canadians” and discuss if official apologies can correct wrongs.

Part of your essay must focus on how the speaker engages his audience. In addition, your essay must include an analysis of the style of writing in lines 68-88.

Your essay must include references to:

  • Justin Trudeau’s speech
  • Video: “Toronto’s LGBTQ community reacts to Trudeau apology”


  • Justin Trudeau, “Remarks by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to apologise to LGBTQ2 Canadians”, a transcript of a speech from Prime Minister of Canada website, November 28, 2017.
  • BT Toronto, “Toronto’s LGBTQ community reacts to Trudeau apology”, a news video from Breakfast Television Toronto website, November 29, 2017. Breakfast Television Toronto is a Canadian breakfast television show broadcast by the privately owned TV station Citytv.

Præsentation af teksten

Titel: “Remarks by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to apologise to LGBTQ2 Canadians” (2017)
Afsender: Justin Trudeau
Genre: Tale

Justin Trudeau (f. 1971) er formand for the Liberal Party og premierminister i Canada. Trudeau holdt denne tale den 28. november 2017 i Canadas hovedstad, Ottowa. Talen blev holdt for the House of Commons i det canadiske parlament. 

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Trudeau appeals to his authority as Prime Minister and to common values as he attempts to bring his audience together for a better future for Canada.

Trudeau creates ethos around his apology speech by making it formal and connecting it to the authority of the Parliament. He achieves this by using the phrase “Mr Speaker” (l.1), a parliamentary formality which adds legitimacy to Trudeau’s words. In a similar manner, Trudeau creates ethos by borrowing the authority of the Canadian Government and Parliament: “On behalf of the government, Parliament, and the people of Canada: We were wrong. We are sorry” (ll. 140-141). Here, Trudeau’s authority as Prime Minister is also implied.

Trudeau speaks at length about the injustices committed against the LGBTQ2 communities at the hands of successive past governments and parliaments, contrasting this with the current government’s position on LGBTQ2 issues  (ll. 117-119). Through this contrast, Trudeau distances the present government from the views and policies of previous governments, creating ethos around Trudeau’s party and government.

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Remarks by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to apologize to LGBTQ2 Canadians

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