Rhetorical devices

Rhetorical devices are language tools that help writers make their arguments and message more memorable and convincing. A few such devices are also present in Michelle Faul’s article “What Life Was Like In South Africa During Apartheid” by Michelle Faul, and we will help you identify interesting examples.

Allusions and direct references

In Faul’s article, most of the references she makes are direct. For example, she makes direct references to Nelson Mandela, who was a civil rights activist, fighting racial segregation in South Africa: “the system that Nelson Mandela later fought to bring down” (p. 10, ll. 14-15); “…Mandela, who once believed he could end apartheid by reasoning and legal argument.” (p. 12, ll. 15-16)

However, in the above example, there is also an allusion to Mandela’s death, as he had only died a few days earlier. An allusion is an indirect reference to people, events, media, literature, etc. that the writer considers relevant for her arguments.

Another combination of direct reference with allusion is: “…when apartheid was legalized in 1948, my English-speaking mother struggled with her studies after new laws soug...

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