In the following sections, we boost your understanding of how to analyse Shakespeare’s play Macbeth like a pro.

First, we take you through the structure of this five-act play, using Freytag’s pyramid, and we discuss how to interpret the ending of Macbeth. Is it a happy, closed ending or not?

Second, we provide you with detailed characterisations of the central characters, their relationship with each other, and their dramatic function in the play. The relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth is particularly interesting, just as a comparison between Macbeth and Banquo, Macbeth and Macduff, or Macbeth and Duncan may be of interest to you and your studies.

Third, we examine the setting of the play and how it symbolises the current state of the world order. Here, we also explain the crucial concept of the Chain of Being to you as well as the element of so-called unnatural bodies and their function in Macbeth.

Fourth, we help you crack the code of Shakespeare’s language and style as we break down his literary and dramatic devices to you, such as antithesis, metaphor, aside, or soliloquy. We also give a thorough explanation of the different types of metre in the play, such as iambic pentameter or trochaic tetrameter. Understanding Shakespeare just got a bit easier!

Curious? You can read the entire analysis of Macbeth in the following pages.

Further help


For more advice about analysing a play, you can read our detailed drama analysis guide in Danish.