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The Great Gatsby

Her finder du hjælp til at analysere romanen The Great Gatsby (1926) af F. Scott Fitzgerald. Udover analysehjælpen tilbyder vi summaries af både hele romanen og de enkelte kapitler. Du kan også få inspiration til fortolkning og perspektivering, samt information om den vigtige historiske kontekst (1920'ernes USA). Til sidst kan du finde idéer til at skrive en større skriftlig opgave om romanen. 

Præsentation af Den store Gatsby

F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940) var amerikansk forfatter i den modernistiske tradition. Han rejste meget i Europa og mødte mange af de andre kendte modernistiske forfattere. Han havde blandt andet et venskab med Ernest Hemingway.

Fitzgerald var gift med Zelda Sayre og de havde en dyr livsstil med mange fester, som på nogle punkter bliver afspejlet i The Great Gatsby. Fitzgeralds forfatterskab var dog kun succesfuldt i perioder, så i praksis endte han ofte med at stifte gæld for at opretholde parrets livsstil. Det betød, at Fitzgerald ofte blev tvunget til at forsinke sit arbejde med romaner (som var hans store passion) og i stedet fokusere på at producere noveller af dårligere kvalitet, som hurtigere kunne sælges til diverse tidsskrifter og gav flere penge i forhold til arbejdsindsatsen.

Fitzgerald var alkoholiker gennem det meste af sit liv, og hans alkoholproblem blev kun forværret op gennem 20’erne og 30’erne. I 1940 døde han af et hjerteanfald, kun 44 år gammel.

The Great Gatsby fik en blandet modtagelse i samtiden, men er i dag Fitzgeralds mest kendte og populære roman. Den kom fx på andenpladsen i Modern Librarys top 100 over engelsksprogede romaner fra det 20. århundrede (kun overgået af Ulysses af James Joyce).

 

Nedenfor kan du se et kort uddrag fra vores study guide til romanen:

Middle

As the novel progresses, Fitzgerald begins to give the reader glimpses of the book's central character, Jay Gatsby. Initially highly mysterious, the reader is eventually shown the man behind the rumors. Nonetheless, the picture we get of Gatsby remains complex; Gatsby himself apparently reveals the story of his past in chapter 4, but we are immediately shown that the version of events Gatsby gives is false. His true past is revealed by Nick in a dramatic narrative intervention in chapter 6. This method of explaining Gatsby and his past to the reader is highly theatrical and echoes Gatsby's dramatic character traits and reinvention of himself.

The novel's peak happens when Tom confronts Gatsby and Daisy about their affair. On their way back in Gatsby's car, Daisy accidentally hits Tom's lover Myrtle and kills her. The narrative stays with the group in the hotel room until Daisy and Gatsby leave. There is then a sudden switch of narrative and for a few paragraphs the story is told from the perspective of Michaelis, a young man who runs a coffee shop near the garage and “the principal witness at the inquest” (p. 129), briefly turning the story into a third-person narrative. Suddenly introducing a new character has the effect of detaching the reader from the events depicted, much in the same way that Daisy and Gatsby appear to be unconcerned about Myrtle's death because they are so wrapped up in the issues of their lives.

Ending

The ending of The Great Gatsby is tragic. Wilson shoots Gatsby and then himself, providing narrative closure. However, the ending is disappointing and unsatisfying for the reader, who might have hoped that Daisy and Gatsby could be happy together. Daisy is revealed to be as shallow as her husband Tom, and they are reunited as they try to maintain their easy life. After Gatsby's death, Nick is shocked that none of Gatsby’s supposed “friends” are interested in being involved anymore. No one comes to Gatsby's funeral except for a few servants, Nick and Gatsby's father. The man Nick once called “Owl Eyes” arrives too late, and can only say that Gatsby is a “poor son-of-a-bitch” (p. 166). Through the final actions of everyone Gatsby knew, Fitzgerald points to the superficiality of much of society, and to the fragility of the Jazz Age, which would soon be coming to an end.

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The Great Gatsby

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Bedømmelser
  • 21-10-2020
    Givet af 3.g'er på STX
    Enormt beskrivende, stor hjælp, mangler dog essentielle detaljer
  • 14-10-2021
    Givet af 3.g'er på STX
    Udemærket. For mange vigtige hovedpointer med.
  • 26-10-2023
    Givet af 3.g'er på STX
    noget af det bedste jeg har prøvet
  • 04-01-2024
    Givet af 3.g'er på STX