The apartheid regime in South Africa
The apartheid regime in South Africa was a legally implemented system of racial segregation, discriminating against the native black African population. The system was implemented from 1948 to 1990 and was very similar to the Jim Crow laws in the United States.
Under the apartheid law, black and mixed-race South Africans had to use separate public facilities from the white (European-descended) population. Like in the US, black South Africans would have to attend separate schools, shop separately, use different toilets and hotels, sit on designated benches, and be treated at separate hospitals. As in the US, these separate facilities were often in poorer conditions than those designated for the white population.
In the long run, segregation policies led to black South Africans being discriminated against on the job market, receiving worse education, and being generally poorer compared to the white population. What is more, unlike in the US, the black population was also compelled to learn Afrikaa...