The apartheid regime in South Africa
The apartheid regime in South Africa was a legally implemented system of racial segregation, discriminating against the black citizens in the country. The system was implemented from 1948 to 1990 and was very similar to the Jim Crow laws in the United States. In 1950, the entire population was classified according to their 'race' and had to carry special passports as proof of their ethnicity. Thus it was possible to greatly restrict the movement of non-white citizens.
Under the apartheid law, black and mixed-race South Africans had to use separate public facilities from the white population. Like in the US, black South Africans would have to attend separate schools, shop separately, and generally use separate public facilities. As in the US, these separate facilities were often in poorer conditions than those designated for the white population. Furthermore, it was forbidden to have a sexual relationship with someone of different ethnicity.
In the long run, segregation policies led to black South Africans being discriminated against on the job market, receiving worse education, and being generally poorer compare...