Martin Luther King’s speech is mainly constructed on direct argumentation, meaning that the speaker presents his views and ideas clearly and directly.

MLK is very clear when he describes the discrimination and oppression African Americans are subjected to, even though American founding documents supposedly guarantee equal rights for all citizens: “One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination.” (ll. 11-14); “…guaranteed the ‘unalienable Rights’ of ‘Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.’ It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note, insofar as her citizens of color are concerned.” (ll. 26-29)

Furthermore, he is explicit about his views on how the fight against inequality should be conducted: “We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of d...

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