This part of the study guide will provide you with an outline of the main ideas included in the texts and graphs in your source material. In this way, you will get an overview of the topic of India’s important challenge…


I: “India and Pakistan at 70”

Author: Financial Times
Genre: Video
Year of Publication: 2017

“India and Pakistan at 70” is a video created by the Financial Times on the occasion of India and Pakistan celebrating 70 years since their independence from the British rule.

Apart from five graphs (described in detail below), the video also includes other socio-economic data about the two countries.

The video informs the viewer that when it became independent, India’s economic output represented only 15% of that of the US. Now it represents around half. However, the economic output per person in India and Pakistan is only 10% of the of the US, while in Bangladesh it is about half of that.   

According to projections, the urban population of Bangladesh and Pakistan will be bigger than the rural population by the late 2030s. However, India will only achieve this around 2050.

In about 20 years, Delhi’s (India) urban population will overtake Tokyo’s (Japan), which is currently the most populous urban area. The UN projects that by 2030, the South Asian cities Lahore (Pakistan) and Dhaka (Bangladesh) will be among the world’s ten most populous urban areas, surpas…


II: “India has made primary education universal, but not good”

Author: The Economist
Genre: Article
Year of Publication: 2017

The article “India has made primary education universal, but not good” was published in The Economist in the Leaders section of the print edition under the headline “Letting 260m minds go to waste”, on 8th of June, 2017.

The article looks at education in India, arguing that while India has primary universal education, this education lacks quality. Many children in India do not reach the expected standard for their age when it comes to education, with some having problems…


III: “Child labor: The inconvenient truth behind India’s growth story”

Author: Josh Jacobs and Reeva Misra, The Washington Post
Genre: Article
Year of Publication: 2017

The article “Child labor: The inconvenient truth behind India’s growth story” was written by Josh Jacobs and Reeva Misra and published in the American newspaper The Washington Post on 21st of August, 2017.

The article explores how child labour is still a major issue in India, with 33 million children aged 5 to 18 working. There have historically been various successful government initiatives to promote school enrolment and the rehabilitation of child workers. However, this issue no longer seems to be a pr…


IV: “Youth unemployment bucks India’s rapid growth”

Author: Kiran Stacey, Financial Times
Genre: Article
Year of Publication: 2017

The article “Youth unemployment bucks India’s rapid growth” was written by Kiran Stacey and published in the Financial Times on 21st of April, 2017.

The article explores youth unemployment in India by starting with the story of a teacher, Rashmi Kathuria, who decided to set up a young enterprise scheme for her pupils. Kathuria created this initiative because she noticed how young people struggle to find jobs after graduation. Even if the children have a good academic record, they often lack the skills to find a good job within the go…

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