Discussion of solutions

The second part of your assignment asks you to discuss possible solutions to important challenges India is facing today, based on the information in your source material.

In what follows we will give you a few ideas on possible solutions which are hinted at in the source material. We encourage you to think about and include other solutions as well.

Possible solutions to uneven economic growth

Solutions to this challenge depend on government actions and policy. This challenge is also linked to problems in the educational system. As the texts III and IV in your assignment suggest, India’s growth is focused on highly-skilled work, but most Indians do not receive an education that qualifies them for these professions. For instance, text IV quotes a teacher saying: “ ‘Children are being trained to pass exams, but they are still not getting the kind of skills training they need to satisfy job requirements.’ ” (ll. 66-67).

As a solution, government policy could consider focusing more on economic sectors that do not generate economic growth and come up with measures to improve them. Also, by training more people to do the necessary jobs, the government could address the problem of uneven wealth distribution among Indians.

Additionally, text III suggests that one possible solution to uneven economic growth is to regulate more industries which are currently unregulated: “…the informal sector that makes up about 90 percent of India’s workforce and half of its GDP, according to Credit Suisse estimates.” (ll. 26-28)

Possible solutions to demographic challenges

The texts in your source material show that India still has a mostly rural population, a lower life expectancy than other countries, and a growing young generation.

A possible solution to a mostly rural population is creating more jobs (texts II and IV), which might encourage people to move to the cities. Improving the education system (mention...

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