Putting hooliganism into perspective

Football hooliganism in other countries

Football-related violence has occurred and continues to occur in virtually every country where football is a popular sport. While the UK has managed to partially gain control over the issue of hooliganism, the phenomenon is still widespread in other countries.


In Brazil, where football is a very popular sport, hooliganism has been an important issue for a long time. Brazil is considered one of the countries with the highest rates of football-related violence and the highest number of deaths as a result of it.

As in the UK, where hooligans are organised in “firms”, most of the football-related violence in Brazil can be attributed to the organised fan clubs – also known as “Torcidas Organizadas” – of Brazil’s football clubs.

Most of the hooligans come from the favelas, low-income and overpopulated urban areas in Brazil, suggesting that Brazil’s hooliganism is closely connected to extreme poverty.

Rival firms are known for meeting on match days for fights which often result in injuries or even death. Some firms are notorious for engaging in fights among themselves if they have no rivals to start a fight with. There have also been instances where hooligans have attacked football players on the street or invaded rival football teams’ training facilities.

The rivalry between clubs and their associated hooligan firms also leads to temporary alliances between rival groups, who will team up to beat up a common rival. Another particularity that can be observed is some firms’ charitable acts – the group Inferno Coral, for example, is said to be involved in social projects that ai...

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