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The Doll's House by Katherine Mansfield | Analysis

Her får du hjælp til analyse af novellen "The Doll's House" af Katherine Mansfield. Ud over at hjælpe dig i gang med at analysere indhold og opbygning, personer og fortæller, temaer og budskaber, så få du også hjælp til at perspektivere novellen. Alt dette kan du bruge som inspiration til din egen analyse af denne novelle.

Præsentation af teksten

Titel: “The Doll’s House”
Forfatter: Katherine Mansfield
Udgivelsesår: 1922
Genre: Novelle

Katherine Mansfield (1888-1923) var en modernistisk forfatter fra New Zealand, som allerede som 19-årig bosatte sig i Storbritannien, hvor hun blev venner med nogen af tidens største forfattere som Virginia Woolf, D.H. Lawrence og Beatrice Hastings (som hun indlod et romantisk forhold med). Novellen "The Doll's House" er inspireret af to døtre af en vaskekone, som Mansfield kendte, Lil og Else McKelvey. Nogle hævder også, at karakteren Kezia er formet efter Mansfield selv.

Uddrag

Nedenfor giver vi en forsmag på webbogens indhold:

Another tension point in the short story is reached when Kezia Burnell, wanting to avoid entertaining a guest, meets the Kelvey sisters on their road home and invites them to see the doll’s house. At first, Lil Kelvey refuses because she is aware of their class difference, but she soon gives in because her younger sister wants to see the doll’s house:

Our Else was looking at her with big, imploring eyes; she was frowning; she wanted to go. For a moment Lil looked at our Else very doubtfully. But then our Else twitched her skirt again. She started forward. Kezia led the way. Like two little stray cats they followed across the courtyard to where the doll’s house stood.
“There it is,” said Kezia. There was a pause. Lil breathed loudly, almost snorted; our Else was still as a stone.
“I’ll open it for you,” said Kezia kindly. She undid the hook and they looked inside.

However, the girl’s joy is short, as Aunt Beryl (Kezia’s aunt) sends the girl away. This is the moment when the climax of the short story is reached:​

“How dare you ask the little Kelveys into the courtyard?” said her cold, furious voice. “You know as well as I do, you’re not allowed to talk to them. Run away, children, run away at once. And don’t come back again,” said Aunt Beryl. And she stepped into the yard and shooed them out as if they were chickens. “Off you go immediately!” she called, cold and proud.

Ending

The falling action of the short story is very brief: the Kelvey sisters are ashamed and run away, while Kezia is scolded by her proud aunt. Also, the falling action reveals that Aunt Beryl was frustrated because of a letter she received from a mysterious man and this is why she probably acted so furiously.

The resolution is also very short and simply presents the reactions of the Kelvey sisters after being sent away from the Burnells’ courtyard. They are both nostalgic and Else finally speaks, revealing that she, too (just like Kezia) has been fascinated by the little lamp in the doll’s house:

Presently our Else nudged up close to her sister. But now she had forgotten the cross lady. She put out a finger and stroked her sister’s quill; she smiled her rare smile.
“I seen the little lamp,” she said, softly. Then both were silent once more.

The ending of the short story is very important for the way in which it presents the fact that people are allowed to have the same dreams and ambitions, despite their class differences.

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The Doll's House by Katherine Mansfield | Analysis

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